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Xuất khẩu thua Trung Quốc, Ấn Độ, ngành dệt may sẽ ra sao sau khi CPTPP có hiệu lực?


The expert pointed out that Vietnam is in the top 3 among the world's textile exporters, after China and India. Although CPTPP offers many opportunities, textile enterprises still face many challenges to take advantage of the advantages.

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The most congested point of Vietnam's textile industry is fabric production.

In a presentation on textile and garment industry at a workshop held last week, Mr. Truong Van Cam - Vice Chairman of Vietnam Garment Association said that Vietnam textile and garment industry is now the leading industry in the country in history. employ 2.7 million people.

In terms of exports, textile and apparel ranked second in terms of export turnover after phones and components - in 2018, reached 36.1 billion USD, accounting for 15% of the country's export turnover. The industry is in the top 3 among the world's textile exporters, after China and India. Import turnover of Vietnam textile and garment industry in 2018 reached 21.8 billion USD.

Vice President of Vietnam Textile and Garment Association assessed that our country has certain advantages such as an abundant labor force, still in the golden population period despite the rapid aging of the population. Vietnam textile and garment industry has so far attracted about 17.5 billion USD in investment.

"The opportunity for the textile and apparel industry in CPTPP is to expand markets to Mexico, Peru and Canada. In addition, different impacts promote institutional reform, create a more transparent and transparent business environment ... There is also a positive effect on the textile industry, "said Mr. Cam.

However, Mr. Cam also said that although CPTPP brought many opportunities, textile enterprises still face many challenges.

Sharing about the difficulties in the textile and garment industry, Mr. Cam said that from 2015-2017, the import of raw cotton materials from the Chinese market of Vietnamese enterprises has partly decreased.

However, Vietnam still has to import nearly 99% of cotton, 1.3 million tons of fiber, 80% of fabric ... Regarding garment, Vietnam is strong but it is still mainly a form of processing. Regarding labor qualifications, 76% of workers in the textile and garment industry are unskilled workers.

In particular, the rules of origin from fiber of CPTTP have hit right on the bottleneck of the industry. With the advantage of forgetting tax incentives of CPTTP, competitors will support their textile industry. Some emerging textile exporting countries such as Cambodia, Myanmar and Laos also enjoy 0% tax from the EU. Many countries will use trade defense mechanisms to protect domestic production.

According to Mr. Cam: "The most congested point of Vietnam's textile and garment industry is fabrication. This is a very weak sector. The industry has also found ways to offer solutions for fabric sewing but the level of success is not as expected. ".

"So what do textile enterprises have to do to take advantage of CPTTP? First, businesses must understand about CPTTP, thoroughly grasp information about the textile industry, from there, know who we are and what strengths we have. and what are the characteristics of the market in TPT to hit the market correctly, "he said.

In the same view, Ms. Bui Kim Thuy, a former member of the negotiation team, USABC representative in Vietnam, said that the textile and garment industry is expected to face many difficulties when CPTPP takes effect.

According to Thuy, from a technical perspective, CPTPP is the only agreement Vietnam has participated in its own chapter of textile and apparel that is not in common with any other chapter, never before has this industry been favored. In particular, the total number of chapters and textile industries from chapter 50 to 63 are the most popular and stand-alone product groups, and are not paired with other chapters.

Regarding the solution, the representative of Vietnam Textile and Apparel Association said that in order to solve the bottlenecks, strong enterprises must link together, need to build a chain of business links, especially domestic and foreign investment. . Besides, the State needs to have development policies in the next 10-15 years to take advantage of this agreement.

"Currently, some localities have returned to textiles and garments, especially textile and dyeing, but many projects of reputable investors with sufficient requirements are not licensed. Therefore, the Government needs to plan industrial zones, waste water treatment to facilitate businesses, "he said.

According to doanhnghiepvn.vn